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 Oil flow from Turkish-Iraqi pipeline resumes

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Oil flow from Turkish-Iraqi pipeline resumes  28.8.2012  







 
Turkish special forces members at the Ceyhan crude oil terminal near Turkey's southern coastal city of Adana.
Photo: AFP
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August 28, 2012

DIYARBAKIR, Turkey's Kurdish region,— Oil flow in the Turkish-Iraqi pipeline resumed Tuesday following the blast that damaged one of the two lines, Turkey's energy minister said Tuesday.

"Oil has started flowing from one of the lines as of 1000 am (0700 GMT) today...We expect the parallel line to be operational within a week (after repairs)," minister Taner Yildiz said in a press announcement.

The explosion damaged one pipeline and sparked a fire in Sirnak province near the Iraqi border, forcing the closure of the other parallel line for safety reasons.

Yildiz blamed the blast on Kurdish rebels, who have in the past targeted the pipeline. The line is also frequently sabotaged by oil smugglers.

Following the incident, Iraqi officials had called on Turkey to use the parallel pipeline to avoid disruptions in the crucial flow.

The 970-kilometre (600-mile) pipeline runs from Iraq's northern oil hub of Kirkuk to the port of Ceyhan on Turkey's Mediterranean coast, pumping 450,000 to 500,000 barrels of crude oil per day.

Iraq depends on oil sales for the vast majority of government income. The oil-rich nation exported over 2.5 million barrels per day in July,www.ekurd.net earning about $7.5 billion in revenues.

PKK have sabotaged the pipeline several times in the past as part of an armed campaign against the Ankara government.

On August 27, an explosion hit the Turkish-Iraqi pipeline, causing a fire and stopping oil flow to Turkey. The fire started in the Silopi and Cizre districts of Sirnak province in the Turkey's Kurdish region, near the Iraqi Kurdish border following the blast on the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline

On August 6, 2012, a blast hit the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline in Kurdish Mardin province in Turkey' Kurdish region close to Turkey's border with Syrian Kurdistan region.

On July 20, 2012, a blast put out a fire on a Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline carrying about a quarter of Iraq's oil exports. They blamed sabotage by Kurdish separatists for the explosion.

On July 1, 2012, the PKK claims responsibility for Baku-Tbilisi gas pipeline sabotage: The PKK claimed responsibility  for the explosion on the pipeline in Sarıkamış district of Kars in the Kurdish region in southeastern Turkey near the Armenian border on 29 May

On April 4, 2012, PKK claims responsibility for bombing pipeline in Turkey: The blasts in southeastern Turkey on April 3, temporarily shut down a pipeline pumping oil from Iraq,www.ekurd.net with Kurdish rebels suspected to be behind the explosions, Turkish authorities said. Three blasts hit the section of the pipeline running near the border city of Idil in the Kurdish Sirnak province, sparking a fire, said a statement by the Sirnak regional government.

The 970-kilometre (600-mile) pipeline runs from Iraq's northern oil hub of Kirkuk to the port of Ceyhan on Turkey's Mediterranean coast, pumping 450,000 to 500,000 barrels of crude oil per day.

The PKK has several times proposed peaceful solutions regarding Kurdish problem, Turkey has always refused saying that it will not negotiate with “terrorists”.

Since it was established in 1984, the PKK has been fighting the Turkish state, which still denies the constitutional existence of Kurds, to establish a Kurdish state in the south east of the country. More than 40,000 people have since been killed.

But now its aim is the creation an autonomous region and more cultural rights for ethnic Kurds who constitute the greatest minority in Turkey, numbering more than 20 million. A large Turkey's Kurdish community openly sympathise with the Kurdish PKK rebels.

The PKK wants constitutional recognition for the Kurds, regional self-governance and Kurdish-language education in schools.

PKK's demands included releasing PKK detainees, lifting the ban on education in Kurdish, paving the way for an autonomous democrat Kurdish system within Turkey, reducing pressure on the detained PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan, stopping military action against the Kurdish party and recomposing the Turkish constitution.

Turkey refuses to recognize its Kurdish population as a distinct minority. It has allowed some cultural rights such as limited broadcasts in the Kurdish language and private Kurdish language courses with the prodding of the European Union, but Kurdish politicians say the measures fall short of their expectations.

The PKK is considered as 'terrorist' organization by Ankara, U.S., the PKK continues to be on the blacklist list in EU despite court ruling which overturned a decision to place the Kurdish rebel group PKK and its political wing on the European Union's terror list.

Copyright ©, respective author or news agency, AFP | ekurd.net | Agencies

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